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A short sightseeing tour through Hollfeld

The „Marienplatz“

Welcome to the Marienplatz, a start point for a lovely circular walk through the centre of a town with great historical value.

The Marienplatz has an early medieval appearance and is found at the top of the town. The houses surrounding the square all have gabled fronts, as well as these nice houses the central green square and the lines of chestnut trees give the Marienplatz a lovely appearance. For centuries the square was used for cattle markets and yearly fares, which were of big economic importance for Hollfeld and the surrounding area. Still today you will find regular markets at the Marienplatz.

The well on the Marienplatz

In the centre of the Marienplatz is a 38m deep medieval well. Legend has it that it was originally dug by a prisoner of war. Later it was filled up, but in 1939 it was rebuilt. At Easter, the well is decorated beautifully and worth seeing.

St. Gangolf – highest point of the town

The highest point of the town is where you’ll find the church of St. Gangolf, now the town’s landmark. St. Gangolf was built during the time of the Walpotes, who were the first people to live in Hollfeld. The church of St. Gangolf was first named so in 1309, but the building dates as far back as the 11th century. You can go up the 38m high tower (about 104 steps), and from the balcony surrounding the tower (a rare thing to have at the time it was built) you can see Hollfeld and the surrounding areas; it was used in earlier time to watch over the inhabitants. The apse from the original chapel is still there today and in the tower you will find the original Hollfelder Irrglöckchen. There is a legend, which says that the daughter of a local bailiff got lost in the deep forest, in the night she heard the sound of a bell and followed the sound until she reached her home. The thankful bailiff then donated a bell to the town, which is now named the Irrglöckchen, and which still rings daily at 9.45pm. In May 2001 the church was renovated and is now used as a cultural centre. You can also enjoy a beautiful view from the church of St. Gangolf. The key for the church is obtained from the town hall during its opening times.

From all over the town you can see St. Gangolf’s church, which has become the town’s landmark. Although St. Gangolf’s church’s existence was first recorded at the beginning of the 14th century, it was probably built much earlier. Inside the church today on the eastern side, there is still the Roman apse. There are also still the choir stalls and the nave, which date back to about 1600, but were slightly altered in the 18th century. On the west side of the church is the medieval defence tower, which was an extension of the original church. The tower is now the part of the church that has become the landmark

Sankt Gangolf

Blick vom „Gangolfsberg“

The Town Hall and the "Wittauerhaus"

The town hall was built in 1424, but the one that stands today has been there since 1724, after the original was destroyed in a big fire. In the Middle Ages it was called “Kauf- und Fleischhaus mit Kramläden" (clothing shop, butchers and general store) and then it became “Kaufhaus mit Saalgericht “ (department store and courtrooms). On the front of the three-storied house, dated 1769, is the city’s coat of arms and here is also the coat of arms of the Bishop of Würzburg and Bamberg, Friedrich von Sansheim. In 1883 parts of the building were used as a school, the from 1929 to 1958 it was used as an adult education centre, and from 1948 to 1987, after it was completely renovated, it was again used as the town hall. Since 1987 it has been used as the administration centre for Hollfeld, Aufseß and Plankenfels.

The Wittauerhausis next to the town hall. It had a rare fishbone-patterned ceiling, timbered and patterned wall and other beautiful characteristics. Today it houses a music school, the forestry office and a tourist information point

Oberes Tor, courtrooms and the Nepomuk chapel

At the highest point in the town is the Oberes Tor, which is a gatehouse on a bridge, which is over a deep ditch. The gatehouse was built during the town fortification in the 13th century. In the 19th century it was used as a coaching inn for guild members and for those journeying. Today the rooms are hired out by music groups for their practices. North from the Oberes Tor is the former farming area, which was outside of the town walls because of the fire risk. Behind the gatehouse are the schools, and a sports centre with an indoor swimming pool.

The baroque Nepomuk chapel is located between the Oberes Tor and the Marienplatzand was built in 1734. On the right hand side of the chapel is the a big baroque style building, which used to be the courtrooms (they closed in 1959), which was built in 1734 for the bishop at that time by M. Küchel

Terraced gardens in Hollfeld

The terraced gardens were created when Hollfeld went through a period of renovation and preservation of the city walls; the gardens were built around the wall, and from them you get a great view of the lower town. The newly designed gardens in Hollfeld have various different plants and flowers and between spring and autumn there are special exhibitions, which you can visit. In the gardens you find not only plants from the region, but also some rarer ones from other areas. The variety of flowers attract butterflies and many insects, and you can also see lots of other animals. The Rosen-, Kunst- und Gartentage (rose, art and garden days) take place every year at the Marienplatz, where you will find many exhibitors and plant experts.

Link:
» http://www.hollfeld.de/rosentage/index.html